Sahaba Karam (RA)

Disclaimer – Any mistakes are apologized for in advance. Readers are asked to confirm the authenticity.

The following is a write up of a lecture given at Zaynab Academy

Introduction

Hadees:

A man will be with whom he loves in jannat.

Context of this hadees

Once there was a sahabi who came up to Hazrat Mohammad (PBUH) and said, Rasool Allah (PBUH), in this world I can always come to you, see you, talk to you. When I die and when the day of judgement comes, you will go in jannat, and I will inshaAllah go to jannat, but then I won’t be able to see you, talk to you. I think that maybe this world is better because I can talk to you.

To this, Hazrat Mohammad (PBUH) replied with the hadees mentioned above;

A man will be with whom he loves in jannat.

Hearing this, Sahaba Karam (RA) got so happy that they only were this happy once before when they accepted Islam.

Another Incident

Once another Sahabi (RA) asked Hazrat Mohammad (PBUH);

When will qayamat come?

You know, when you ask someone a question and they reply you back with another question. This is what Hazrat Mohammad (PBUH) did, he replied with another question.

How have you prepared for qayamat?

We can imagine what a Sahabi’s preparation for qayamat would be like. But humble as they were, the Sahabi (RA) replied;

I haven’t prepared much. There is this one thing I can show to Allah and that is my love for you Rasool Allah (PBUH).

There are five things that should be done to show respect and love to Hazrat Mohammad (PBUH).

1.     To have adab, izzat and ikraam of Nabi Kareem (PBUH)

What is love without respect?

Adab by Sahaba Karam (RA)

When Hazrat Mohammad (PBUH) used to sit in a majlis of hadees, the Sahaba Karam (RA) sat with so much respect that they would sit completely still. They sat so still that the birds used to come and sit on their heads, and even then they didn’t move. This was the level of respect they showed to Hazrat Mohammad (PBUH).

Adab by Imam Malik (RehmatUllah)

When anyone came to Imam Malik (RehmatUllah) to get information regarding a fiq masla, he used to reply immediately.

But when anyone came to Imam Malik (RehmatUllah) to get information regarding hadees or Hazrat Mohammad (PBUH) he did not answer immediately. He first took bath (gusal), then he put on itar (perfume). Then there was a takhth. He sat on that takhth to reply to the queries regarding Hazrat Mohammad (PBUH). He sat on this takhth only to reply to such queries.

2.     Do not raise your voices

Allah says in Surah Hujraat;

Nabi Kareem (PBUH) se apni awaaz buland na karo.

How do you implement this today? You implement that by not raising your voice when you are visiting Rozay-e-Paak (PBUH). And what do we do. When we are at Rozay-e-Paak (PBUH) we not only raise our voices, but we push, shout, scream, update our statues on FaceBook and WhatsApp, take pictures.

Moreover, whenever you are in a majlis of hadees, or being taught hadees, you should sit with respect because those are the words of Hazrat Mohammad (PBUH).

We should keep our wishes and desires below Hazrat Mohammad (PBUH)’s sunnat. Apni khwaishaat ko sunnat se neechay rakhein. What does that mean? If we want to do something that is not allowed in Islam, that we have been asked to refrain from in hadees, we should refrain from them and not do anything that is not allowed.

3.     Love the places he (PBUH) lived at

Love and respect the places he (PBUH) used to live in, that is respect and love Madina Munawwara and Makkah Mukarama.

Let us take the example of a worldly love story which we all know. Laila Majnoon. We take the example of these stories for two reasons;

  1. Everyone knows these stories.
  2. If people can be so devoted to their worldly loves, why can’t we be dedicated to our love for Allah? Why can’t our love for Allah surpass these worldly love stories?

Getting back to the story of Laila Majnoon. Once Majnoo was seen kissing the legs of a dog. When people asked him what are you doing? He said that this dog has passed my Laila’s lane.

This is how some people show respect. By valuing anything and everything that comes from Madina or Makkah.

What should be our kaifyat when we visit Madinah Munawwara?

Each person has their own way of showing love. Mohabbat ke takazay alag hotay hain.

You’ll see that some people don’t throw away the seed of date if it is a date from Madinah or Makkah. You’ll see that some people have a jar filled with these seeds in their rooms. We call this madness. We say that aisay tou nahi hota hai. It’s just a way of expressing love. And everyone has their own way of expressing love. Just shift the paradigms. We don’t complain when someone saves a pen given by their favorite teachers. We don’t complain when they treasure this pen like anything. Why should we feel that having a jar full of seeds of Madinah’s dates is wrong?

4.     Itba-e-Sunnat

To be like him (PBUH), eat like him (PBUH), walk like him (PBUH), talk like him (PBUH), sit like him (PBUH), look like him (PBUH).

When we love someone, we love what they love. We know that Hazrat Mohammad (PBUH) loved squash (loki) and honey. We know that he (PBUH) used to search for squash in a dish.

We should love what he (PBUH) loved, walk like he (PBUH) walked etc.

5.     Love his (PBUH) companions

Hadees:

Imaan kee alamat hai ansaar se mohabbat. Anfaq kee alamat hai ansaar se bugz.

Pillar of imaan is to love Sahaba Karam (RA).

Like we put salt in flour and without it there will be no falvor in bread. Sahaba Karam (RA) are like that salt in flour.

Hadees:

My Sahaba (RA) are like stars.

Allah has given three reasons for the creation of the stars we find in the sky every night.

  1. For beauty.
  2. For navigation: In olden times, people used to look at the stars above and fix their routes.
  3. To hit shaitaan in the skies: Shooting stars hit shaitaan in the skies.

Similar are the Sahaba Karam (RA) who have been referred to by Hazrat Mohammad (PBUH) as stars.

1.     They are so beautiful

Even their names are beautiful. Sahaba ka tou naam hee aisa hai k naam le ke maza aata hai.

When we read about Sahaba Karam (RA) we wish we were there with them, witnessing all of it.

2.     Navigation

Rohaani cheezon, fiqi masail aur ilm k liye hum inhein (RA) hee dekhtay hain.

Sahaba Karam (RA) have already asked so many questions to Hazrat Mohammad (PBUH) that there is nothing left unclear or ambiguous. When we hear some hadees, and a question comes up in our mind, we just need to wait a little and we’ll know that some Sahaba has already asked the same question.

When you think you have a problematic life, just pick up the story of any of the Sahaba’s and you’ll know that your problems are small as compared to the obstacles these Sahabas and Sahabiyaats faced for Islam.

Who are Sahabis?

The people who spent time with Hazrat Mohammad (PBUH).

Pre-requisites of being a Sahabi

  1. They should have imaan: For e.g. although Abu Lahab was an uncle (chacha) of Rasool Allah (PBUH), but as he had no imaan he is not a Sahabi.
  2. They died on imaan
  3. Then have seen Hazrat Mohammad (PBUH) in state of imaan. Then what about anyone who was blind? Syedna Abdullah (RA) was blind. Therefore, a better statement is “woh log jinhon ne Hazrat Mohammad (PBUH) ko imaan kee halat mein paya”.

Who are Tabaye?

A person who just missed Hazrat Mohammad (PBUH). For e.g. a person heard about Hazrat Mohammad (PBUH) and followed his (PBUH) teachings. He left his home for Madinah so that he could meet Hazrat Mohammad (PBUH). But when he reached Madinah he found that everyone was crying. On inquiring he was informed that Hazrat Mohammad (PBUH) had just passed.

This person and the ones like him, then became the students of Sahaba Karam (RA).

There were over one lac Sahaba Karam (RA). How many of them do we know about?

Today, we will discuss about some Sahabis we normally know little about.

The Three Abdullah

Syedna Abdullah Ibn-e-Masood (RA)

Syedna Abdullah Ibn-e-Masood (RA) was once shepherding sheeps (bakriyaan charha rahay thay). Hazrat Mohammad (PBUH) and Hazrat Abu Bakar (RA) were on a journey when they approached him and asked for milk. Syedna Abdullah Ibn-e-Masood (RA), who had not embraced Islam at that point, said that he cannot give them any milk as these are not his sheep. Giving them milk of someone else’s sheep would be khayanat and he cannot do that.

Hazrat Mohammad (PBUH) then asked him if he had any goat that hadn’t yet given birth. Syedna Abdullah Ibn-e-Masood (RA) brought a goat to him. Hazrat Mohammad (PBUH) placed his hand on the goat’s thanon and the goat gave milk enough for both Hazrat Mohammad (PBUH) and Hazrat Abu Bakar (RA).

Seeing this miracle Hazrat Abdullah Ibn-e-Masood (RA) realized that this could only be a Prophet and he embraced Islam. It is to note that Hazrat Mohammad (PBUH) was not preaching Islam to Hazrat Abdullah Ibn-e-Masood (RA). Hazrat Abdullah (RA) embraced Islam after witnessing this miracle.

Later on, when Hazrat Abdullah (RA) passed away two Sahaba Karam (RA) were talking;

“Do you think there is anyone left after him?”

The other Sahabi replied;

“No.”

Specialty

Fiq

Syedna Abdullah Ibn Abbas (RA)

The muqaam that Syedna Abdullah Ibn-e-Abbas got was due to his

  • Khidmat
  • Adab

Khidmat

Once when Hazrat Mohammad (PBUH) went to relieve himself, Syedna Abdullah Ibn-e-Abbas realized that he (PBUH) would need water, so he filled a bowl with water and placed it where Hazrat Mohammad (PBUH) was sitting. When Hazrat Mohammad (PBUH) came back, he saw the bowl of water and asked who had kept it there. Everyone replied that it was Hazrat Abdullah Ibn-e-Abbas (RA). Hearing this, Hazrat Mohammad (PBUH) prayed for Hazrat Abdullah (RA)

Aye Allah is ko deen kee samajh ata farma.

He (PBUH) gave this dua, because Hazrat Abdullah (RA) had put so much thought into this act.

There could be three ways of helping;

  1. Go and give water and invade privacy.
  2. Place water a little far away so as to help yet not invade privacy.
  3. Not doing anything.

Hazrat Abdullah (RA) didn’t go to either of the two extremes and took the middle route. As he had put so much thought into this act and took the middle route which indicated his samajh, Hazrat Mohammad (PBUH) gave him dua for samajh in deen as well.

Adab

Once Hazrat Mohammad (PBUH) and Hazrat Abdullah (RA) were praying Tahajud together. Hazrat Abdullah (RA) was standing behind Hazrat Mohammad (PBUH). Nabi Kareem (PBUH) took Hazrat Abdullah (RA)’s hand and pulled him to make him stand just besides him (PBUH). But Hazrat Abdullah (RA) again got back and stood behind Nabi Kareem (PBUH). Later on, Nabi Kareem (PBUH) asked Hazrat Abdullah (RA) why he was standing behind him (PBUH) and not with him (PBUH). Hazrat Abdullah (RA) replied,

Ya Rasool (PBUH), mere kya auqaat k mein aap (PBUH) ke shana bashana khara hoon.

Specialty

Tafseer ke maahir

Hazrat Abdullah Ibn-e-Umar (RA)

Hazrat Umar Farooq (RA)’s son.

Hazrat Abdullah Ibn-e-Umar (RA)’s level of adab

Once Hazrat Mohammad (PBUH) was sitting with his (PBUH) companions. This included Hazrat Abu Bakar (RA) and Hazrat Umar (RA) and others. Hazrat Abdullah Ibn-e-Umar (RA) who was very young at that time was also in this gathering.

Hazrat Mohammad (PBUH) asked them a question;

To which tree a momin most resembles (Momin kis shajray se sab se zada milta hai)?

Hazrat Abduallh Ibn-e-Umar (RA) got the correct answer immediately, but he didn’t say it out loud because his elders were sitting there. Meanwhile the other sahabas gave incorrect answers. And finally Hazrat Mohammad (PBUH) replied that it is “the tree of dates”.

As he was just a child, he couldn’t keep it to himself for long and later told Hazrat Umar (RA) that I knew the correct answer to the question. Hazrat Umar (RA) said that ‘why didn’t you give the answer at that time? If you had given the correct answer at that time I would have been so proud that it would have been more important to me than 100 camels’. But Hazrat Abdullah (RA) said that how could I have said anything when my elders were present there. Such was his level of adab.

Hazrat Abdullah Ibn-e-Umar (RA)’s dream

Hazrat Abdullah Ibn-e-Umar (RA) used to sleep in Masjid-e-Nabwi (PBUH). One night he saw a dream that two angels were dragging him towards a well. He understood that the well was hell and he refused to go there. A third angel came and told him “Don’t worry they won’t be able to take you there”.

Hazrat Mohammad (PBUH) used to sit with sahabas (RA) and asked them if anyone has seen a dream at night he would tell them its tabeer. Sahabas used to wish to have a dream that they would later ask Hazrat Mohammad (PBUH) the tabeer of.

Now, Hazrat Abdullah Ibn-e-Umar (RA) didn’t ask the tabeer of his dream directly from Hazrat Mohammad (PBUH). He asked his sister (Hazrat Hafsa (RA), have to confirm the correct name) to ask the tabeer from Hazrat Mohammad (PBUH).

When Hazrat Mohammad (PBUH) heard this dream, he said;

Abdullah kitna acha aadmi hai, bas woh namaz parha karay.

After this, Hazrat Abdullah Ibn-e-Umar (RA) didn’t sleep much at night, and used to spend the night doing ibadah.

Hazrat Anas bin Maalik (RA)

Hazrat Anas (RA) was only 10 years old when his mother brought him to Hazrat Mohammad (PBUH) and said

Accept this child to do your khidmat.

Hazrat Mohammad (PBUH) gave the child a dua

Is ke maal aur aulaad mein barkat ata farmaye.

As a barkat of his dua, his garden gave fruits twice in a year. Usually gardens give fruits once a year. And he had 100 children.

He was khadim-e-khaas. Hazrat Anas (RA) said;

I was 10 years old when I came in the khidmat of Hazrat Mohammad (PBUH) and I did his khidmat for 10 years. And in these 10 years, Hazrat Mohammad (PBUH) ne na mujhe danta, na maara, na kabhi pocha ke yeh kyun kiya, na kabhi yeh pocha k yeh kyun nahi kiya.

Syedna Um-e-Sulaim (RA)

Hazrat Anas (RA)’s mother.

She was married to Maalik who was a kaafir. She accepted Islam, but he hadn’t accepted Islam before he died. They had a child named Hazrat Anas (RA).

She came to Madinah (have to confirm) and started living there. Hazrat Abu Talha (RA) sent his proposal to her.

At that time Hazrat Abu Talha (RA) had not accepted Islam. He wanted to accept Islam but he hadn’t. When he sent his proposal to Syedna Um-e-Sulaim (RA), she said, I will marry you on one condition. I will marry you if you accept Islam.

Hazrat Abu Talha (RA) accepted Islam and they got married.

Jannat

Nabi Kareem (PBUH) ko jannat dekhaye gaye aur wahan unhein kisi aurat ke qadmon kee chaap sunaye dee. Pochnay pe maloom hua ke yeh Hazrat Um-e-Sulaim (RA) ke qadmon kee awaz hai.

Nabi Kareem (PBUH) also heard a man’s qadmon kee chaap. Who was it?

It was Hazrat Bilal (RA).

Relationship with Hazrat Mohammad (PBUH)

Hazrat Um-e-Sulaim (RA) was mehram to Hazrat Mohammad (PBUH). She was probably her rishtay kee khala.

Nabi Kareem (PBUH) used to visit her home frequently.

Conclusion

Islamic history is full of such stories. Stories of heroes, who spent their lives pleasing Allah.

The sad thing is we know more about celebrities then we know about Sahabas or Hazrat Mohammad (PBUH).

We should try and read up on these blessed people as much as we can. And then share our knowledge with each other.

For solutions to our problems we should look at their lives.

For improving our knowledge regarding deen, we should read Quran, Hadees, life of Hazrat Mohammad (PBUH) and lives of shabas and sahabiyaats.